By Catherine Clifford 
 
这张infographic图很有趣,从思维(mind)、食物(food)、日程(schedule)、身体(body)、破解(hacks)、服装(clothes)、技术(Tech)这7条线索指出提高我们个人工作效率(产出)的35个习惯。
infographic35habits
 
 
 
 Original scientific paper

https://doi.org/10.37741/t.69.1.1

The Influence of Impulsiveness on Local Food Purchase Behavior in a Tourism Context

Guliz Coskun orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-5200-6370 ; Department of Recreation Management, Faculty of Tourism, Sakarya University of Applied Sciences, Sakarya, Turkey 该邮件地址已受到反垃圾邮件插件保护。要显示它需要在浏览器中启用 JavaScript。
William Norman ; Clemson University, College of Behavioral Social and Health Sciences, Faculty of Parks Recreation and Tourism Management, Clemson, South Carolina, USA

Abstracts
People show different purchasing behavior during travel than in their daily lives. During vacation, due to time limitations tourists tend to purchase local products impulsively. The current study aimed to incorporate impulsiveness in the Theory of Reasoned Action in a tourism context. The conceptual model assumes the direct influence of impulsiveness on the intention to eat local food and the food related behavior. We have also tested the moderating impact of impulsiveness on the relationship between affective attitude and intention. We have collected 380 questionnaires among visitors in South Carolina, USA and analyzed the results with Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). While the impact of impulsiveness on intention and behavior was not significant, the indirect influence of impulsiveness on the relationship between positive attitude and intention was. Current study showed the importance of positive attitude on the local food consumption among tourists. Study also revealed that impulsive people tend to act on positive thoughts and emotions. The promotional efforts to sell local food in the region should aim to strengthen positive emotions and encourage impulse purchase among tourists.
 
Keywords

Full text: https://hrcak.srce.hr/en/file/370086

page 7-18

downloads: 406

 

 
APA 6th Edition
Coskun, G. & Norman, W. (2021). The Influence of Impulsiveness on Local Food Purchase Behavior in a Tourism Context. Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 69 (1), 7-18. https://doi.org/10.37741/t.69.1.1

MLA 8th Edition
Coskun, Guliz and William Norman. "The Influence of Impulsiveness on Local Food Purchase Behavior in a Tourism Context." Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, vol. 69, no. 1, 2021, pp. 7-18. https://doi.org/10.37741/t.69.1.1. Accessed 7 Apr. 2021.

Chicago 17th Edition
Coskun, Guliz and William Norman. "The Influence of Impulsiveness on Local Food Purchase Behavior in a Tourism Context." Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal 69, no. 1 (2021): 7-18. https://doi.org/10.37741/t.69.1.1

Harvard
Coskun, G., and Norman, W. (2021). 'The Influence of Impulsiveness on Local Food Purchase Behavior in a Tourism Context', Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 69(1), pp. 7-18. https://doi.org/10.37741/t.69.1.1

Vancouver
Coskun G, Norman W. The Influence of Impulsiveness on Local Food Purchase Behavior in a Tourism Context. Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 April 07];69(1):7-18. https://doi.org/10.37741/t.69.1.1

IEEE
G. Coskun and W. Norman, "The Influence of Impulsiveness on Local Food Purchase Behavior in a Tourism Context", Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, vol.69, no. 1, pp. 7-18, 2021. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.37741/t.69.1.1
 
 
 
 
 

tourism index2021

 
每年的9月27日是世界旅游日(World Tourism Day)。1971年世界旅游组织(World Tourism Organization, UNWTO)的前身国际官方旅游组织联盟应非洲官方旅游组织的建议,拟设立“世界旅游日”。1979年9月27日,世界旅游组织第3次代表大会正式确定9月27日为世界旅游日,1980年开始实行。选择这一天,原因有两个:国际官方旅游组织联盟在1970年9月27日在墨西哥城的特别代表大会上通过了成立的世界旅游组织的章程;这一天是北半球旅游高峰与南半球旅游高峰交接的日子。设立世界旅游日,意义在于纪念世界旅游组织成立章程的通过,引起公众对旅游事业的重视,促进旅游的宣传工作和各国在旅游方面的交流与合作。

1980年

旅游业的贡献:文化遗产的保护与不同文化之间的相互理解

Tourism’s contribution to the preservation of culturalheritage and to peace and mutual understanding

1981年

旅游业与生活质量

Tourism and the quality of life

1982年

旅游业的骄傲:好的客人与好的主人

Pride in travel: good guests and good hosts

1983年

旅游和假日对每个人来说既是权利也是责任

Travel and holidays are a right but also a responsibility forall

1984年

为了国际间的理解、和平与合作的旅游

Tourism for international understanding, peace andcooperation

1985年

年轻的旅游业:为了和平与友谊的文化和历史遗产

Youth tourism: cultural and historical heritage for peace andfriendship

1986年

旅游:世界和平的重要力量

Tourism: a vital force for world peace

1987年

旅游与发展

Tourism for development

1988年

旅游:公众教育

Tourism: education for all

1989年

旅游者的自由活动创造了一个共融的世界

The free movement of tourists creates one world

1990年

认识旅游事业,发展旅游事业

Tourism: an unrecognized industry, a service to be released the hague declaration on tourism

1991年

通信、信息和教育:旅游发展的动力

Communication, information and education: powerlines oftourism development

1992年

旅游促进社会经济一体化,是各国人民相互了解的途径

Tourism: a factor of growing social and economic solidarityand of encounter between people

1993年

争取旅游发展和环境保护的和谐

Tourism development and environmental protection: towards alasting harmony

1994年

高质量的服务、高质量的员工、高质量的旅游

Quality staff, quality tourism

1995年

通过负起责任而受益

WTO: serving world tourism for twenty years

1996年

旅游业:宽容与和平的因素

Tourism: a factor of tolerance andpeace

1997年

旅游业:21世纪创造就业和倡导环境保护的先导产业

Tourism: aleading activity of the twenty-first century for job creationand environmental protection

1998年

政府与企业的伙伴关系:旅游开发和促销的关键

Public-privatesector partnership: the key to tourism development andpromotion

1999年

旅游业:为新千年保护世界遗产

Tourism: preserving worldheritage for the new millennium

2000年

技术和自然:21世纪旅游业的双重挑战

Technology and nature:two challenges for tourism at the start of the 21st century

2001年

旅游业:为和平和不同文明之间对话服务的工具

Tourism:instrument at the service of peace and dialogue betweencivilizations

2002年

经济旅游:可持续发展的关键

Ecotourism, the key to sustainabledevelopment

2003年

旅游业:一种消除贫困、创造就业与社会和谐的驱动力

Tourism: a driving force for poverty alleviation, job creationand social harmony

2004年

体育及旅游:社会相互了解、文化及发展的两股力量

Sport and tourism: two living forces for mutual understanding, culture and the development of societies

2005年

旅游和交通:从儒勒·凡尔纳的科幻世界到21世纪的现实

Travel and transport: from the imaginary of Jules Verne to the reality of the 21st century

2006年

旅游:让世界受益

Tourism enriches

2007年

旅游:为妇女敞开大门

Tourism opens doors for women

2008年

对气候变迁挑战的旅游回应

Tourism responding to the challenge of climate change

2009年

旅游:庆祝多样性

Tourism – celebrating diversity

2010年

旅游与生物多样性

Tourism and biological diversity

2011年

旅游与文化连结

Tourism linking cultures

2012年

旅游与能源永续

Tourism and energetic sustainability

2013年

旅游与水:保护我们共同的未来

Tourism and water: protecting our common future

2014年

旅游与社区发展

Tourism and development in the community

2015年

10亿旅游者,10亿个机会

A billion tourists, a billion opportunities

2016年

旅游促进发展,旅游促进扶贫,旅游促进和平

Promoting universal accessibility

2017年

作为发展工具的可持续旅游

Sustainable tourism - a tool for development

2018年

旅游数字化发展

Tourism and the digital transformation

2019年

旅游业和工作:人人享有美好未来

Tourism and jobs: a better future for all

2020年

旅游与乡村发展

Tourism and rural development

2021年

旅游业促进包容性增长

Tourism for inclusive growth 

 

资料来源:
 
 
 

 

 

VBA:汉字转为拼音

 

 

 
Option Explicit
 
Public Function Getpy(ByVal Chs As String, Optional bList As Boolean = True) As String
'参考来源http://www.51vba.com/show.aspx?id=3984&cid=42
 
Dim ardata(-20319 To -10247) As String
ardata(-20319) = " a"
ardata(-20317) = " ai"
ardata(-20304) = " an"
ardata(-20295) = " ang"
ardata(-20292) = " ao"
ardata(-20283) = " ba"
ardata(-20265) = " bai"
ardata(-20257) = " ban"
ardata(-20242) = " bang"
ardata(-20230) = " bao"
ardata(-20051) = " bei"
ardata(-20036) = " ben"
ardata(-20032) = " beng"
ardata(-20026) = " bi"
ardata(-20002) = " bian"
ardata(-19990) = " biao"
ardata(-19986) = " bie"
ardata(-19982) = " bin"
ardata(-19976) = " bing"
ardata(-19805) = " bo"
ardata(-19784) = " bu"
ardata(-19775) = " ca"
ardata(-19774) = " cai"
ardata(-19763) = " can"
ardata(-19756) = " cang"
ardata(-19751) = " cao"
ardata(-19746) = " ce"
ardata(-19741) = " ceng"
ardata(-19739) = " cha"
ardata(-19728) = " chai"
ardata(-19725) = " chan"
ardata(-19715) = " chang"
ardata(-19540) = " chao"
ardata(-19531) = " che"
ardata(-19525) = " chen"
ardata(-19515) = " cheng"
ardata(-19500) = " chi"
ardata(-19484) = " chong"
ardata(-19479) = " chou"
ardata(-19467) = " chu"
ardata(-19289) = " chuai"
ardata(-19288) = " chuan"
ardata(-19281) = " chuang"
ardata(-19275) = " chui"
ardata(-19270) = " chun"
ardata(-19263) = " chuo"
ardata(-19261) = " ci"
ardata(-19249) = " cong"
ardata(-19243) = " cou"
ardata(-19242) = " cu"
ardata(-19238) = " cuan"
ardata(-19235) = " cui"
ardata(-19227) = " cun"
ardata(-19224) = " cuo"
ardata(-19218) = " da"
ardata(-19212) = " dai"
ardata(-19038) = " dan"
ardata(-19023) = " dang"
ardata(-19018) = " dao"
ardata(-19006) = " de"
ardata(-19003) = " deng"
ardata(-18996) = " di"
ardata(-18977) = " dian"
ardata(-18961) = " diao"
ardata(-18952) = " die"
ardata(-18783) = " ding"
ardata(-18774) = " diu"
ardata(-18773) = " dong"
ardata(-18763) = " dou"
ardata(-18756) = " du"
ardata(-18741) = " duan"
ardata(-18735) = " dui"
ardata(-18731) = " dun"
ardata(-18722) = " duo"
ardata(-18710) = " e"
ardata(-18697) = " en"
ardata(-18696) = " er"
ardata(-18526) = " fa"
ardata(-18518) = " fan"
ardata(-18501) = " fang"
ardata(-18490) = " fei"
ardata(-18478) = " fen"
ardata(-18463) = " feng"
ardata(-18448) = " fo"
ardata(-18447) = " fou"
ardata(-18446) = " fu"
ardata(-18239) = " ga"
ardata(-18237) = " gai"
ardata(-18231) = " gan"
ardata(-18220) = " gang"
ardata(-18211) = " gao"
ardata(-18201) = " ge"
ardata(-18184) = " gei"
ardata(-18183) = " gen"
ardata(-18181) = " geng"
ardata(-18012) = " gong"
ardata(-17997) = " gou"
ardata(-17988) = " gu"
ardata(-17970) = " gua"
ardata(-17964) = " guai"
ardata(-17961) = " guan"
ardata(-17950) = " guang"
ardata(-17947) = " gui"
ardata(-17931) = " gun"
ardata(-17928) = " guo"
ardata(-17922) = " ha"
ardata(-17759) = " hai"
ardata(-17752) = " han"
ardata(-17733) = " hang"
ardata(-17730) = " hao"
ardata(-17721) = " he"
ardata(-17703) = " hei"
ardata(-17701) = " hen"
ardata(-17697) = " heng"
ardata(-17692) = " hong"
ardata(-17683) = " hou"
ardata(-17676) = " hu"
ardata(-17496) = " hua"
ardata(-17487) = " huai"
ardata(-17482) = " huan"
ardata(-17468) = " huang"
ardata(-17454) = " hui"
ardata(-17433) = " hun"
ardata(-17427) = " huo"
ardata(-17417) = " ji"
ardata(-17202) = " jia"
ardata(-17185) = " jian"
ardata(-16983) = " jiang"
ardata(-16970) = " jiao"
ardata(-16942) = " jie"
ardata(-16915) = " jin"
ardata(-16733) = " jing"
ardata(-16708) = " jiong"
ardata(-16706) = " jiu"
ardata(-16689) = " ju"
ardata(-16664) = " juan"
ardata(-16657) = " jue"
ardata(-16647) = " jun"
ardata(-16474) = " ka"
ardata(-16470) = " kai"
ardata(-16465) = " kan"
ardata(-16459) = " kang"
ardata(-16452) = " kao"
ardata(-16448) = " ke"
ardata(-16433) = " ken"
ardata(-16429) = " keng"
ardata(-16427) = " kong"
ardata(-16423) = " kou"
ardata(-16419) = " ku"
ardata(-16412) = " kua"
ardata(-16407) = " kuai"
ardata(-16403) = " kuan"
ardata(-16401) = " kuang"
ardata(-16393) = " kui"
ardata(-16220) = " kun"
ardata(-16216) = " kuo"
ardata(-16212) = " la"
ardata(-16205) = " lai"
ardata(-16202) = " lan"
ardata(-16187) = " lang"
ardata(-16180) = " lao"
ardata(-16171) = " le"
ardata(-16169) = " lei"
ardata(-16158) = " leng"
ardata(-16155) = " li"
ardata(-15959) = " lia"
ardata(-15958) = " lian"
ardata(-15944) = " liang"
ardata(-15933) = " liao"
ardata(-15920) = " lie"
ardata(-15915) = " lin"
ardata(-15903) = " ling"
ardata(-15889) = " liu"
ardata(-15878) = " long"
ardata(-15707) = " lou"
ardata(-15701) = " lu"
ardata(-15681) = " lv"
ardata(-15667) = " luan"
ardata(-15661) = " lue"
ardata(-15659) = " lun"
ardata(-15652) = " luo"
ardata(-15640) = " ma"
ardata(-15631) = " mai"
ardata(-15625) = " man"
ardata(-15454) = " mang"
ardata(-15448) = " mao"
ardata(-15436) = " me"
ardata(-15435) = " mei"
ardata(-15419) = " men"
ardata(-15416) = " meng"
ardata(-15408) = " mi"
ardata(-15394) = " mian"
ardata(-15385) = " miao"
ardata(-15377) = " mie"
ardata(-15375) = " min"
ardata(-15369) = " ming"
ardata(-15363) = " miu"
ardata(-15362) = " mo"
ardata(-15183) = " mou"
ardata(-15180) = " mu"
ardata(-15165) = " na"
ardata(-15158) = " nai"
ardata(-15153) = " nan"
ardata(-15150) = " nang"
ardata(-15149) = " nao"
ardata(-15144) = " ne"
ardata(-15143) = " nei"
ardata(-15141) = " nen"
ardata(-15140) = " neng"
ardata(-15139) = " ni"
ardata(-15128) = " nian"
ardata(-15121) = " niang"
ardata(-15119) = " niao"
ardata(-15117) = " nie"
ardata(-15110) = " nin"
ardata(-15109) = " ning"
ardata(-14941) = " niu"
ardata(-14937) = " nong"
ardata(-14933) = " nu"
ardata(-14930) = " nv"
ardata(-14929) = " nuan"
ardata(-14928) = " nue"
ardata(-14926) = " nuo"
ardata(-14922) = " o"
ardata(-14921) = " ou"
ardata(-14914) = " pa"
ardata(-14908) = " pai"
ardata(-14902) = " pan"
ardata(-14894) = " pang"
ardata(-14889) = " pao"
ardata(-14882) = " pei"
ardata(-14873) = " pen"
ardata(-14871) = " peng"
ardata(-14857) = " pi"
ardata(-14678) = " pian"
ardata(-14674) = " piao"
ardata(-14670) = " pie"
ardata(-14668) = " pin"
ardata(-14663) = " ping"
ardata(-14654) = " po"
ardata(-14645) = " pu"
ardata(-14630) = " qi"
ardata(-14594) = " qia"
ardata(-14429) = " qian"
ardata(-14407) = " qiang"
ardata(-14399) = " qiao"
ardata(-14384) = " qie"
ardata(-14379) = " qin"
ardata(-14368) = " qing"
ardata(-14355) = " qiong"
ardata(-14353) = " qiu"
ardata(-14345) = " qu"
ardata(-14170) = " quan"
ardata(-14159) = " que"
ardata(-14151) = " qun"
ardata(-14149) = " ran"
ardata(-14145) = " rang"
ardata(-14140) = " rao"
ardata(-14137) = " re"
ardata(-14135) = " ren"
ardata(-14125) = " reng"
ardata(-14123) = " ri"
ardata(-14122) = " rong"
ardata(-14112) = " rou"
ardata(-14109) = " ru"
ardata(-14099) = " ruan"
ardata(-14097) = " rui"
ardata(-14094) = " run"
ardata(-14092) = " ruo"
ardata(-14090) = " sa"
ardata(-14087) = " sai"
ardata(-14083) = " san"
ardata(-13917) = " sang"
ardata(-13914) = " sao"
ardata(-13910) = " se"
ardata(-13907) = " sen"
ardata(-13906) = " seng"
ardata(-13905) = " sha"
ardata(-13896) = " shai"
ardata(-13894) = " shan"
ardata(-13878) = " shang"
ardata(-13870) = " shao"
ardata(-13859) = " she"
ardata(-13847) = " shen"
ardata(-13831) = " sheng"
ardata(-13658) = " shi"
ardata(-13611) = " shou"
ardata(-13601) = " shu"
ardata(-13406) = " shua"
ardata(-13404) = " shuai"
ardata(-13400) = " shuan"
ardata(-13398) = " shuang"
ardata(-13395) = " shui"
ardata(-13391) = " shun"
ardata(-13387) = " shuo"
ardata(-13383) = " si"
ardata(-13367) = " song"
ardata(-13359) = " sou"
ardata(-13356) = " su"
ardata(-13343) = " suan"
ardata(-13340) = " sui"
ardata(-13329) = " sun"
ardata(-13326) = " suo"
ardata(-13318) = " ta"
ardata(-13147) = " tai"
ardata(-13138) = " tan"
ardata(-13120) = " tang"
ardata(-13107) = " tao"
ardata(-13096) = " te"
ardata(-13095) = " teng"
ardata(-13091) = " ti"
ardata(-13076) = " tian"
ardata(-13068) = " tiao"
ardata(-13063) = " tie"
ardata(-13060) = " ting"
ardata(-12888) = " tong"
ardata(-12875) = " tou"
ardata(-12871) = " tu"
ardata(-12860) = " tuan"
ardata(-12858) = " tui"
ardata(-12852) = " tun"
ardata(-12849) = " tuo"
ardata(-12838) = " wa"
ardata(-12831) = " wai"
ardata(-12829) = " wan"
ardata(-12812) = " wang"
ardata(-12802) = " wei"
ardata(-12607) = " wen"
ardata(-12597) = " weng"
ardata(-12594) = " wo"
ardata(-12585) = " wu"
ardata(-12556) = " xi"
ardata(-12359) = " xia"
ardata(-12346) = " xian"
ardata(-12320) = " xiang"
ardata(-12300) = " xiao"
ardata(-12120) = " xie"
ardata(-12099) = " xin"
ardata(-12089) = " xing"
ardata(-12074) = " xiong"
ardata(-12067) = " xiu"
ardata(-12058) = " xu"
ardata(-12039) = " xuan"
ardata(-11867) = " xue"
ardata(-11861) = " xun"
ardata(-11847) = " ya"
ardata(-11831) = " yan"
ardata(-11798) = " yang"
ardata(-11781) = " yao"
ardata(-11604) = " ye"
ardata(-11589) = " yi"
ardata(-11536) = " yin"
ardata(-11358) = " ying"
ardata(-11340) = " yo"
ardata(-11339) = " yong"
ardata(-11324) = " you"
ardata(-11303) = " yu"
ardata(-11097) = " yuan"
ardata(-11077) = " yue"
ardata(-11067) = " yun"
ardata(-11055) = " za"
ardata(-11052) = " zai"
ardata(-11045) = " zan"
ardata(-11041) = " zang"
ardata(-11038) = " zao"
ardata(-11024) = " ze"
ardata(-11020) = " zei"
ardata(-11019) = " zen"
ardata(-11018) = " zeng"
ardata(-11014) = " zha"
ardata(-10838) = " zhai"
ardata(-10832) = " zhan"
ardata(-10815) = " zhang"
ardata(-10800) = " zhao"
ardata(-10790) = " zhe"
ardata(-10780) = " zhen"
ardata(-10764) = " zheng"
ardata(-10587) = " zhi"
ardata(-10544) = " zhong"
ardata(-10533) = " zhou"
ardata(-10519) = " zhu"
ardata(-10331) = " zhua"
ardata(-10329) = " zhuai"
ardata(-10328) = " zhuan"
ardata(-10322) = " zhuang"
ardata(-10315) = " zhui"
ardata(-10309) = " zhun"
ardata(-10307) = " zhuo"
ardata(-10296) = " zi"
ardata(-10281) = " zong"
ardata(-10274) = " zou"
ardata(-10270) = " zu"
ardata(-10262) = " zuan"
ardata(-10260) = " zui"
ardata(-10256) = " zun"
ardata(-10254) = " zuo"
 
Dim stmp As String
Dim i As Integer
Dim ii As Integer
 
For i = 1 To IIf(bList, Len(Chs), 1)
stmp = Mid(Chs, i, 1)
If Asc(stmp) > -10247 Or Asc(stmp) < -20319 Then
Getpy = Getpy & stmp
Else
For ii = Asc(stmp) To -20319 Step -1
If Len(ardata(ii)) Then
Getpy = Getpy & ardata(ii)
Exit For
End If
Next
End If
Next
Getpy = Trim(StrConv(Getpy, vbProperCase))
End Function
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

参考网址:

https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-are-the-most-popular-sports-in-the-world.html

https://sportsbrowser.net/most-popular-sports/

Soccer (Association Football)   足球
Cricket 板球
Hockey (Ice and Field) 曲棍球(冰上和场地) 
Tennis 网球
Volleyball 排球
Table Tennis 乒乓球
Basketball 篮球
Baseball 棒球
Rugby 橄榄球
Golf 高尔夫球

  

 

数据来源:https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-are-the-most-popular-sports-in-the-world.html

popular_sport2021
Search:

 Rank   Sport   Fans_Million   Influence 
1Soccer (Association Football)4000Globally
2Cricket2500UK and Commonwealth
3Hockey (Ice and Field)2000Europe, North America, Africa, Asia, and Australia
4Tennis1000Globally
5Volleyball900Western Europe and North America
6Table Tennis875Globally
7Basketball825Globally
8Baseball500United States, Caribbean, and Japan
9Rugby475UK and Commonwealth
10Golf450Western Europe, East Asia, and North America
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